Global Pediatric Health – Institutionalized Children and the Risk of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD); A Primer for Clinicians, Adoption Staff and Parents
A large proportion of adopted institutionalized children may not follow a normal developmental trajectory. If not afflicted by FASD, there is a positive impact of adoption on children’s cognitive development and in general they are comparable to their non- adopted peers.
https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2333794X21989556

Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability – “It’s ignorant stereotypes”: Key stakeholder perspectives on stereotypes associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, alcohol, and pregnancy
Our results align with research about difficult experiences of FASD stakeholders. However, while Canadian news analyses found people with FASD portrayed as criminals, our participants identified mostly non-crime stereotypes. Participants also sometimes shifted the burden of motherhood stereotypes from low-income to higher-income women.
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3109/13668250.2020.1865649

Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada – Perspectives of Canadian Health Care Providers on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: A brief report exploring 15 years
The findings from these surveys may inform the development of ongoing educational initiatives to help HCPs with screening for alcohol use during pregnancy and early diagnosis and prevention of FASD.
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1701216321000712

European Journal of Paediatric Neurology – Evidence-based interventions for children and adolescents with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders – A systematic review
There are only a few randomized-controlled trials regarding therapy research for children and adolescents with FASD. Evidence-based intervention studies indicate that especially the combination of parent and child sessions present a promising approach for the treatment of FASD.
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1090379821000131?casa_token=T39ua5GOJhIAAAAA:M0vjKimEb_xlum1Gmd5QM5uYjx9zAlBCA__YeY2i-IXO4xLNVPz3OMAnKEcC8D8_bcYuQUYVM3xg

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research – Estimated Prevalence of Harmful Alcohol Consumption in Pregnant and Non‐pregnant Women in Saxony‐Anhalt (North‐East Germany) Using Biomarkers
Estimated prevalence rates differ greatly with respect to the biomarkers and cut‐offs used. The isolated measurement of CDT/%CDT might result in an overestimation of harmful alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/acer.14567

Journal of Neuroscience Research – Ethanol modulation of cerebellar neuroinflammation in a postnatal mouse model of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are alarmingly common, result in significant personal and societal loss, and there is no effective treatment for these disorders.
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/jnr.24797?casa_token=RDxhPa2bZbYAAAAA%3AwtP9Ow11_bPMJnOzV1kuzbwNOECE0fmVc_u31hBjZtdqp-el9pjcZCJKnT-Nvej3-Q1o6mg03ey6ZLmp

BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth – Barriers and enablers of implementation of alcohol guidelines with pregnant women: a cross-sectional survey among UK midwives
Our results suggest that skill development and reinforcement of support from colleagues and the wider maternity system could support midwives’ implementation of alcohol advice at each antenatal appointment, not just at booking could lead to improved outcomes for women and infants.
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12884-021-03583-1

Plos one – Protective factors against tobacco and alcohol use among pregnant women from a tribal nation in the Central United States
Identifying social determinants of tobacco and alcohol use during pregnancy is critical to improving health outcomes for the next generation. This is especially important on a rural Tribal Nation where influences such as isolation, cultural barriers, and historical trauma have made it uniquely challenging to prevent substance use during pregnancy.
https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0243924

Children – Maternal Tobacco and Alcohol Use in Relation to Child Malnutrition in Gauteng, South Africa: A Retrospective Analysis
This study determined the association between maternal tobacco and alcohol use, and malnutrition, among infants aged ≤ 12 months (n = 300), in selected health facilities situated in Gauteng, South Africa.
https://www.mdpi.com/2227-9067/8/2/133

Molecular Medicine Reports – Prenatal ethanol exposure impairs the formation of radial glial fibers and promotes the transformation of GFAPδ‑positive radial glial cells into astrocytes
During embryonic cortical development, radial glial cells (RGCs) are the major source of neurons, and these also serve as a supportive scaffold to guide neuronal migration. Similar to Vimentin, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) is one of the major intermediate filament proteins present in glial cells.
https://www.spandidos-publications.com/10.3892/mmr.2021.11913

Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research – Phosphatidylethanol as Blood Biomarker of Alcohol Consumption in Early Pregnancy: An Observational Study in 4067 Pregnant Women
In an unselected pregnant population in Norway 1.4 % had a positive PEth sample around gestational week 12 whereas 0.4% had a positive sample around week 24. The use of PEth as an alcohol biomarker should be further investigated as a possible diagnostic tool in the antenatal setting.
https://europepmc.org/article/med/33586791

BMC Psychiatry – Magnitude and associated factors of substance use among

pregnant women attending antenatal care in public hospitals of eastern Ethiopia
The magnitude of antenatal substance use in the study area was 26.5%. Pre- pregnancy substance use, partner substance use, monthly house hold income and family substance use were found to be positively associated with substance use during pregnancy.
https://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12888-021-03078-5

Child Maltreatment – Prenatal Substance Exposure and Child Maltreatment: A Systematic Review
State and federal policies regarding substance use in pregnancy, specifically whether a notification to child protective services is required, continue to evolve. To inform practice, policy, and future research, we sought to synthesize and critically evaluate the existing literature regarding the association of prenatal substance exposure with child maltreatment.
https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1077559521990116?casa_token=Yp5oVPhQyCQAAAAA%3A1ElEHiIu0GxRsvQ3KNP8jbhEEzt9SlEYDLbiJtrn6SBDfzANJmBNpqu95AkjScz0YWrdM-duBWixIVE

Drug and Alcohol Dependence – Timing of mortality in mothers with recurrent convictions for driving under the influence of alcohol and their children, from childbirth to child age 17
Severe maternal AUD, as characterized by rDUI, increases the risk for child mortality over that of Controls through age 17. Delays in rDUI maternal mortality until child age 6 may indicate a period when maternal referral for intervention to reduce harm to child and mother is likely to be especially effective.
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0376871621001150?casa_token=cpaPrBqAepYAAAAA:Ki6Q0ugPbTCv6JNPJiHocS0IIRR8u8Qc4jCDLh9dZty1IE-X_ax7hZQ-JCqt18mBEE_0rj1sbFv1

Public health nursing – Intimate partner violence, prenatal stress, and substance use among pregnant Black women
Perceived stress during pregnancy partially mediated the association between previous experience of IPV and marijuana use among pregnant Black women. Interventions are needed to reduce IPV that would lower stress during pregnancy and consequently substance abuse to improve pregnancy outcomes and maternal and newborn health.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33590543/

Public Health Reports – Discordance Between Perinatal Alcohol Use Among Women and Provider Counseling for Alcohol Use: An Assessment of the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System
Disparities in alcohol counseling occurred despite the national recommendation for universal screening and counseling prenatally. Continued integration of universal screening for alcohol use during pregnancy is needed.
https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0033354920984146?casa_token=NR0T-oHJeh0AAAAA%3Am8mlQ41vFCl1Z-J_98lXq3uGQtggnrWzh3uw42G25z1Oi7FzZHEmzTTYiT06WcvUSl4UTMMxzVCwC5Q