Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is the umbrella term used to describe the range of effects that can occur when a fetus is exposed to alcohol during pregnancy.

In the broadest sense, this includes miscarriage, stillbirth, premature birth, physical abnormalities and an increased risk of negative health outcomes for the child and even his or her offspring. However, FASD more commonly refers to a constellation of physical and neurodevelopmental impairments experienced by people who were exposed to alcohol during pregnancy