Alcohol: Clinical and Experimental Research – Factors to be considered as part of a holistic assessment for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: A scoping review
Areas to be considered as part of a holistic assessment and diagnostic process spanned individual, family, and system-level factors.


University of Guelph – An Examination of the Experiences and Needs of Individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) who have Criminal Legal System Contact
People with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) often experience inadequate supports, which can lead to an increased risk of becoming involved in the criminal legal system (CLS).

Reproductive Toxicology – Maternal Dietary Intake Among Alcohol-Exposed Pregnancies Is Linked to Early Infant Physical Outcomes in South Africa
Maternal dietary intake is likely a contributing factor to fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). Two, 24-hour dietary recalls were completed by pregnant women (n=196) in South African communities with high rates of FASD.

International Journal of Molecular Sciences – Effects of In Utero EtOH Exposure on 18S Ribosomal RNA Processing: Contribution to Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are leading causes of neurodevelopmental disability. The mechanisms by which alcohol (EtOH) disrupts fetal brain development are incompletely understood, as are the genetic factors that modify individual vulnerability.

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health – Epigenetics of Trauma Transmission and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: What Does the Evidence Support?
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) results from teratogenic impacts of alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Trauma and prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) can both cause neurodevelopmental impairment, and it has been proposed that FASD can amplify effects of trauma.

Learning from 50 Years of Aboriginal Alcohol Programs – Meeting the Challenge of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD)
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) is a major source of neurodevelopmental impairment among both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australians.

Drug and Alcohol Review – Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men: A discussion to be had
In this paper, we discuss several areas for increased involvement by Indigenous men in future FASD research, prevention, care and support.

iScience – Prenatal Alcohol Alters Inflammatory Signatures In Enteric Portal Tissues Following Adult-Onset Cerebrovascular Ischemic Stroke
Collectively, PAE inhibits brain inflammation, but results in an inflammatory signature in enteric portal tissues after stroke, suggesting that PAE persistently and adversely impacts the gut-brain axis following adult onset disease.

University of Malta – Prenatal alcohol exposure and risk of foetal loss
This review has concluded that whilst there is a definite increase in the rates of foetal death when a pregnant mother is exposed to alcohol, inconsistencies exist regarding the most detrimental factor, including the type of alcohol, amount, frequency, dose, or gestational age at exposure.

Australian & New Zealand Journal of Statistics – Bayesian modelling of effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on child cognition based on data from multiple cohorts
High levels of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) result in significant cognitive deficits in children, but the exact nature of the dose-response relationship is less well understood.

Pediatric Research – Impact of low-level prenatal alcohol exposure and maternal stress on autonomic regulation
Alterations in ANS regulation associated with PAE and maternal stress may reflect abnormal development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and have long term implications for infant responsiveness and self-regulation.

NeuroImmune Pharmacology and Therapeutics – Prenatal and adolescent alcohol exposure, neuroinflammation, and Alzheimer’s disease: a network meta analysis approach
This review highlights the necessity of recognizing developmental alcohol exposure as a potential risk factor for AD and shed light on the underlying mechanisms that may contribute to alcohol-induced neurotoxicity.

The FASEB Journal – Alcohol blunts pregnancy-mediated insulin resistance and reduces fetal brain glucose despite elevated fetal gluconeogenesis, and these changes associate with fetal weight outcomes
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) impairs fetal growth and neurodevelopment. Although alcohol is well known to alter metabolism, its impact on these processes during pregnancy is largely unexplored.

Alcohol: Clinical and Experimental Research – Spiral drawing deficits in children with prenatal alcohol exposure
The drawing skills of children with prenatal alcohol exposure have inherent signal characteristics that differ significantly from those produced by typically developing peers.

Frontiers in Psychiatry – Reducing the risk of prenatal alcohol exposure and FASD through social services: promising results from the FAR SEAS pilot project
Changing risky behaviors (alcohol consumption and sex without contraception) to prevent alcohol exposed pregnancies is feasible at the local level, even without engagement of medical professionals.