“…Prenatal alcohol exposure is one of the most prevalent, modifiable risk factors for physical (in particular neurological), behavioral, and cognitive problems in the offspring…”

European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry – Prenatal risk factors and postnatal central nervous system function

Risk factors prior to birth can be subdivided according to timing, duration, dosage of exposure, and their mode of action; these variables determine which tissues/organs in the offspring are affected and to what extent