Gyllencreutz E, et al. (January 2020) Ophthalmological findings in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders – A cohort study from childhood to adulthood. The most common refractive error was astigmatism. In children with FASD, ophthalmological findings like refractive errors, strabismus, and fundus abnormalities are frequent and continue into early adulthood. The characteristic facial features of FAS diminish with age, making an assessment of dysmorphology less reliable in adulthood. An ophthalmological examination is an important part of FASD evaluation in both childhood and adolescence. American Journal of Ophthalmology.